It is important to recognize that the process of setting up data-sharing agreements varies from country to country, as does the type of data shared and the agencies that share the data. Ideally, these additional concerns should be taken into account in the data sharing agreement in order to facilitate clear communication and, where appropriate, take additional security measures: a data sharing agreement is a formal contract that clearly documents what data is shared and how the data can be used. Such an agreement is intended for two purposes. First, it protects the Agency that provides the data and ensures that the data is not misused. Data exchange also promotes accountability and transparency, allowing researchers to validate the results of the other. Finally, data from several sources can often be combined to allow comparisons across national and departmental boundaries. A data sharing agreement is an agreement between a party that has useful data (the broadcaster) and a party that seeks data for research on (the recipient) in which the disclosure provider agrees to share its data with the recipient. These could be two universities that would agree to exchange data to collaborate in the field of research, could include one or more private companies active in research or development, and could even include a government agency that works with a private organization. Second, it avoids any misunderstanding on the part of the data provider and the Agency receiving the data by ensuring that all issues relating to the use of the data are discussed. Before sharing the data, the provider and recipient must speak in person or over the phone to discuss issues related to the disclosure and use of the data and a collaborative understanding that will then be documented in a data sharing agreement.
Below is a list of the items that are normally included in a data sharing agreement. While this list may cover the basics, additional concerns may be relevant to a given data set or to a given supply agency. Data exchange is an important way to increase the capacity of researchers, scientists and policy makers to analyse data and translate it into meaningful reports and knowledge. Data sharing discourages duplication in data collection and fosters varied thinking and cooperation, as others are able to use the data to answer questions that the original data collectors may not have considered. In the absence of strong intellectual property rights that protect data and databases in the United States, data-sharing agreements work best when they are part of a broader agreement between research partners. An individual agreement on data sharing should not replace the larger agreement between the partners, but complement and support a particular aspect of the broader agreement. You can find a detailed overview of the role of a data sharing agreement within a large enterprise between research partners under Data Sharing: Creating Agreements, Paige Backlund Jarquín MPH, Colorado Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute & Rocky Mountain Prevention Research Center. . .