The Advisory Council is made up of fourteen international experts from the cocoa sector, all from the private sector (seven cocoa-producing member states and seven cocoa-consumer member states). However, the Board of Directors, whose mandate is as broad as that of the International Cocoa Council and encompasses all aspects of the global cocoa economy, is only advisory, since all final decisions are taken by the International Cocoa Council. The Advisory Council was established in recognition of the importance of the private sector to the global cocoa economy and the growing role of trade and industry within ICCO. The protocol provides for the development of a credible system, acceptable to both parties, of international sectoral standards and independent monitoring and reporting, in order to identify and eliminate the worst forms of child labour during the cultivation and processing of cocoa beans. The agreement also provides for a public certificate certifying that cocoa used in chocolate or related products has been grown and processed without forced labour for children. Taking into account the fact that the 2001 International Cocoa Agreement came into force on 1 October 2003 and arrived on 30 September 2010 at the end of the first two-year extension period after the fifth year of its entry into force; ILO-IPEC is committed to working on the problem of child labour in cocoa-producing countries, in partnership with the CMA and other stakeholders between governments, trade unions and non-governmental organizations. It is conducting a survey on the subject in all cocoa-producing regions of West Africa, the results of which are expected to be available by the end of the year. Noting further that, in accordance with paragraph 3 of Article 63, the Council may extend the Agreement in whole or in part for two periods of no more than two years of cocoa, On 2 November 2005, the total percentage of exporting countries that joined the agreement was more than 80%. Thus, the 2001 International Cocoa Agreement finally entered into force for the first time in the 30-year history of international cocoa agreements. ICCO Member States account for nearly 85% of the world`s cocoa production and more than 60% of global cocoa consumption. All members are represented at the International Cocoa Council, ICCO`s highest governing body.
The «Harkin Engel» protocol, named after U.S. Senator Tom Harkin and Representative Elliott Engel, who led discussions with the Chocolate Manufacturers Association and the World Cocoa Foundation, led to the signing of the agreement in Washington to better identify and address abusive child labour practices in West African cocoa-producing regions. At the 81st regular session of the International Cocoa Council, held in Yaounde, Cameroon, from 23 to 26 March 2010 at the generous invitation of the Cameroonian government, the Council approved the extension of the international cocoa agreement in 2001 for a total of two years from 1 October 2010, in accordance with Article 63; The International Cocoa Organization (ICCO) is a global organization of cocoa-producing and consumer countries that are members.